ISSN 0864-0394
print edition
ISSN 2078-8452
electronic edition


Reach and editorial policy

The editorial policy of the Pastos y Forrajes journal is to publish original papers, technical notes and reviews that contribute significantly to the knowledge of agricultural sciences. Preference will be given to the original papers that report recent knowledge. The publication of the work will depend on the approval of the Editorial Council, which will be based on the opinion of the referees from the Editorial Committee. The works will be double-blind peer reviewed.
The articles published here have been ceded by their authors for their editorial reproduction and the results, criteria and opinions that appear in the articles of this journal are the responsibility of their authors.
The papers of the journal can be totally or partially reproduced, as long as the corresponding credits are given.

Form and preparation of manuscripts

Types of contributions. The papers will be sent in Spanish language, and three types of contributions are considered:

  • Review papers (up to 17 pages). Presentations relative to significant topics of development or application of technological systems, in which the author makes an exhaustive review of literature and, in addition, offers his/her own criteria on the subject.
  • Research paper (between 10 and 12 pages). The results of the research or the application of results in the topics defined by the editorial committee will be presented in deep and detailed form.
  • Communication (up to 7 pages). Preliminary relevant reports about research results or application of results. It should have the same structure as the research paper.
  • Analysis and comment (it will not exceed 10 pages). The analysis of a specific situation, written by a specialist with known antecedents in the topic will be presented. It can contain data, points of view or opinions, as well as personal observations; and it should include a review of the literature appropriate for the nature and extension of this modality, which will not exceed 10 pages. In addition, it should have an introduction, the topic development and the conclusions, with recommendations.

Manuscript submission. The papers must be sent via e-mail, accompanied by a letter in which the author and co-authors state that it is an unpublished paper and that it has not been simultaneously sent for its publication in another journal. The signature of the author for correspondence must be included in the letter.

Edition process: Los artículos recibidos se someterán a unThe articles received will be initially analyzed by the editorial committee, and, if the established requisites are complied with, they will be subject to double-blind peer review. These specialists will be selected based on their experience on the topic of the paper and their academic training. The revision results will be emitted in no more than a month and they will be immediately sent to the author so that he/she adapts the paper to the referees’ suggestions. The author will highlight the changes made in another font color, and will send the article back to the committee. Responses by the author regarding corrections or additions to the manuscript will be accepted; likewise, the referees’ considerations will be taken into consideration; and the editorial committee will finally decide the acceptance or rejection of the contribution. The author will have a month to send his/her changes. The communication between the Editor-in-Chief and the author will be maintained until the paper is approved to go into the edition process or is rejected, which will be officially reported to him/her. If there were no response after the period granted for sending the changes, the paper would be left out of the work flow; and, after 60 working days, it would be rejected under the criterion of not complying with the journal policies. If the revision process is delayed, due to the editorial committee’s fault, the author will be asked whether he/she agrees to wait more time, or he/she can withdraw the article.
When the journal design is completed, including the changes proposed by the author and with the approval of the editorial committee, the PDF version of the paper will be sent to the author so that he/she makes a final revision and indicates to the editor, via e-mail, if he/she agrees with this version or if he/she proposes modifications of form. The author will have a maximum of five working days to respond, after which the editorial committee will assume that he/she has agreed with the changes.

Presentation form of the papers: The articles must be typed in Microsoft Word® text processor, with size-11 Arial font, 1,5 cm between lines and 2-cm margins. No effects will be applied to the text (such as italic, bold, underlining, space over or below the paragraph, indentation, table format, among others), in order to facilitate the later design applying the predefined styles. The papers must comprise the following parts:

Title. The title should be concise and not exceed 15 words; the following phrases should be avoided: “Studies of …”, “Research on …”, “Observations about …”, and other similar ones. It will not include meaningless words.

Authors’ full name and affiliation. PAs general rule, no more than six authors should appear. Only those who participated in sufficient degree to assume the public responsibility for the paper content, because they participated in the conception or design of the study, in obtaining the results or in their analysis and interpretation; as well as in the writing or the intellectual critical revision, will be considered as authors. The full postal addresses of the involved authors’ institutions and the corresponding author’s e-mail address should be included.
The participation in obtaining the data, in the facilitation of research processes or in the coordination of the work and/or general supervision of the research group does not justify authorship. In these cases, those involved should appear at the end of the paper, in the section of acknowledgements.

Abstract. The abstract will not exceed 250 words and it will be written in only one paragraph. It must include the objective of the research, main methodological aspects, experimental design, most important results and conclusions.

Key words. A minimum of three key words and a maximum of five will be included, which can be compound and they should not appear in the title. As reference, the AGROVOC Thesaurus of the FAO (, and the Tesauro agrícola of the National Agricultural Library –of the Department of Agriculture of the United States– ( agt_Espanol/download_es.shtml).
Introduction. The introduction should briefly include the importance of the problem within the framework of the study, the limitations of the research, the most relevant antecedents and the concrete objective of the work. All the information must be supported by updated bibliographic citations, which can be easily accessed in information centers, libraries or through the Internet. In this item, the full scientific name of all plant or animal species mentioned should be included, followed by the classifier. All later references to that scientific name will be made only with the initial letter of the genus followed by the species, or using common names which have been previously introduced. The name of the species should be written in italics, unlike the classifier. The names of the varieties should start with lower-case letter (for example: Panicum maximum Jacq. var. trichoglume) and the names of the cultivars, with capital letter (for example: Choris gayana Kunth cv. Callide). The common names will be written with lower-case letter (for example: Pangola grass, elephant grass, rhizobium, leucaena, star grass, among others):

Materials and methods. The use of subtitles is suggested to separate the different aspects of the section of materials and methods. It will include the site where the study was conducted, the period and the climate conditions –if necessary–, the detailed description of the materials used (soils, seeds, plant and animal species, etc.) and the experimental procedure. The methods should clearly indicate the variables to be measured and their accuracy, for which the experimental design, treatments, experimental unit, sampling methods and type of statistical analysis should be included.

Results and discussion. The results should be presented concisely, with the aid of tables and/or figures (the data that originated them will be included in an additional file, to adequate their design to the defined styles in the journal template), and the duplication of information between them and the text should be avoided. Likewise, the information obtained from the variance analysis will be described. In the discussion the author’s criteria and the references to other works directly related to this one, should be reflected. The conclusions and recommendations should appear at the end of this section.

Tables, figures, photographs, drawings and maps. They should have a self-explanatory title, independent from the text; and they must appear immediately after they are mentioned, not as annexes. The graphs, photographs, drawings and maps will be considered as figures. In them, the title will be at their foot; while that of tables will be on top of them. The information in the tables should be logically structured, regarding the heading and the different columns and rows. The photographs should be sent in separate file, with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi and in .jpg, .eps or .tiff format. The abbreviations included in the tables and figures, with the exception of those of universal use, must be clarified in a legend at the foot.
The figures and photographs can be included in colors in the electronic version of the journal, but in the printed version they will be designed in black and white, for which the author should present them in these colors or in grayscale.

Bibliographic citations and references. They should contribute to the knowledge about the topic and be as updated as possible. The citations that appear in the text of the paper should indicate the author’s last name and the year of publication. In the case of the cited works which have more than two authors, the last name of the first author, followed by et al. will be used. Each citation included in the text must appear in the section of “Bibliographic references”, at the end of the paper, in alphabetical order according to the last name of the first author. They will include the authors’ last names, initials of the names (in the bibliographies with more than six authors the first six will be mentioned followed by et al.), the full title of the work and information of the document in which it was published (article, book chapter, thesis, etc.) and the year of publication. In the case of periodic publications (journals, newspapers) their title, volume, number and page range should be indicated; non-periodic publications (books, pamphlets, event proceedings, theses) will also include the institution or publishing house, city, country –if the city is little known– and the total pages (or the page range if it is a chapter).
The names of the authors are written with lower-case letters, first the last name and the initials of the name(s). Personal communications are not part of the cited literature, for which they are only included within the text. The citations obtained from the Internet should be preferably periodic publications, electronic journals or books.


  • Contran, Nicla; Chessa, Laura; Lubinoa, M.; Bellavitea, D.; Roggero, P. P. & Enne, G. State of the art of the Jatropha curcas productive chain: from sowing to biodiesel and by-products (Review). Ind. Crops Prod. 42:202-215, 2013.
    Koohafkan, P. & Altieri, M. A. Sistemas ingeniosos del patrimonio agrícola mundial: un legado para el futuro. Roma: FAO, 2011.
  • Araya, J.; Benavides, J. E.; Arias, R. & Ruiz, A. Identificación y caracterización de árboles y arbustos con potencial forrajero en Puriscal. En: J. E. Benavides, comp. Árboles y arbustos forrajeros de América Central. Turrialba, Costa Rica: CATIE, vol. 1, p. 31-63, 1994.
  • Campos, Maybe. Modelo de Gestión Estratégica. Experiencias en la UBPC El Zapato, municipio Martí, provincia de Matanzas. Tesis presentada en opción al grado científico de Doctor en Ciencias Agrícolas. Mayabeque, Cuba: Universidad Agraria de La Habana, 2013.
  • Vitta, J. 2013. Competencia entre cultivos malezas. Sitio argentino de producción animal. [13/5/2013], 2013.

Statistical aspects

1. An explanation of the models and methods used in the statistical analysis should be included in “Materials and methods”.
2. If classic designs are applied (completely randomized, randomized blocks, Latin square, etc.), it will not be necessary to include information about the mathematical model used, but only the name of the design and the number of replications.
3. If non-classical designs are applied, the mathematical model used should be reported (with the corresponding explanation) or the author should be cited.
4. The multiple comparison test must be mentioned (Duncan, Scheffé, Tukey, Newman-Keuls, etc.).
5. Variance analysis tables will be included only when they provide important additional information.
6. The tables of means (with their standard errors –SE–) should summarize the information. No original data will be included, except in cases that require it.
7. When multiple comparison tests are represented superscripts can be included on the means, simplifying their interpretation.
8. When transformations are used with the objective of validating the statistical analysis, there are variants for the mean presentation:

a) Reporting the transformed means, with their corresponding SE, and the retransformed means.
b) Including the means and SE of the retransformed data, and also providing the original means.

9. The SE will be included in the regression equations.
10. In the curves that represent regression equations, the data dispersion around them will appear
11. In the figures the measurement units and all the essential elements will appear

Other aspects of interest.

• The authors of the submitted contributions have the right to present their papers in public events, to prepare manuscripts derived from them, to reproduce them and distribute them.
• The reception date of the manuscript will be established after the first revision by the editorial committee of the journal.
• The different numbers of the journal will be disseminated in printed and electronic formats, and on the Internet based on the divulgation regulations and the cession of copyright by the authors
• The printed version of the journal will be distributed only to the documentation centers, institutions and enterprises related to the agricultural sector, as well as to universities and libraries. It will also be sent to those foreign institutions with which document exchange takes place. Likewise, the main author will receive via e-mail a file with his/her manuscript in PDF format, in Spanish and English; as well as the corresponding annual table of contents, authors and topics –which is published on the fourth number of each year

Abbreviations, symbols and acronyms

The Pastures and Forages journal will only accept the symbols of the International System of Units and the official regulation of the international system of weights and measures; and with regards to abbreviations, the indications of the Royal Spanish Academy.
All the acronyms, except those known by all kinds of public (for example: UNESCO), should first appear between parentheses, preceded by the full name of the concept or entity they refer to.

Delivery of manuscripts

Directly and through e-mail .

The papers should be sent by e-mail to the following addresses:;;

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All the contents of this journal, Pastos y Forrajes, is licensed under a
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