Revista Cubana de Cirugía
versión On-line ISSN 1561-2945
The laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) offers the advantages of the laparoscopic surgery. The best indication of LS are the bening hematological diseases. 22 splenectomies were performed by the laparoscopic method from October, 1996, to August, 2000. The most frequent indications were the bening hematological diseases: idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in 9 patients, hereditary microspherocytosis in 4, autoimmune hemolitic anaemia in 5, Hodgkin lymphoma staging in 2, 1 case of cystic spleen tumor and 1 case of hypersplenism of undemonstrated cause. The results obtained in these first 22 cases are analyzed and the surgical technique is described. The average age was 34.3 years old with a range from 16 to 73 years old. The average surgical time was 147 min. Open surgery was performed in 4 patients due to postoperative bleeding. Surgical accidents occurred in 4 patients. No postoperative complications were reported. The procedure was associated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy in 6 patients and with biopsy of mesenteric ganglion with liver biopsy in 2 patients. The average transoperative bleeding was 467 mL. The LS is a reproducible and safe technique having the advantages of laparoscopic surgery (lower morbidity and postoperative mortality), mainly in the bening hematologic diseases with spleen of normal size or splenomegaly not exceeding 25 cm, in spite of the negative effect of the learning curve
Palabras llave : SPLENECTOMY; SPLEEN [surgery]; SURGICAL PROCEDURES, LAPAROSCOPY.