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Revista Cubana de Cirugía

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7493versión On-line ISSN 1561-2945

Resumen

SANCHEZ PORTELA, Carlos A et al. Mortality and morbidity from abdominal trauma (2002-2004). Rev Cubana Cir [online]. 2007, vol.46, n.3. ISSN 0034-7493.

A retrospective, longitudinal and descriptive was performed on 123 patients diagnosed with abdominal trauma from  January 1st, 2002 to December 31st, 2004 and admitted to General Surgery service of “Abel Santamaría Cuadrado” general university hospital in Pínar del Río province. Primary data were taken from the medical histories, using the method of percentage analysis and absolute frequency for all measured variables. The 21-30 years age group was predominant (54 patients, 39,4 %). The most common mechanism of abdominal trauma-causing lesion was traffic accidents (57 patients; 46,54 %). Blunt abdominal trauma prevailed. The patients that arrived at the hospital within the first hour of the accident (90,24 %) evolved satisfactorily and had the lowest mortality index (4,07 %). Abdominal puncture was the most useful diagnostic means (83,08 % positivity). Liver and spleen were the most injured organs. Hypovolemic shock (48,18 %) and generalized peritonitis (22,63 %) were the main complications whereas hypovolemic shock was the fundamental cause of death in these patients

Palabras clave : abdominal trauma; laparotomy.

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