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Revista Cubana de Cirugía

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7493versión On-line ISSN 1561-2945

Resumen

CANTERO RONQUILLO, Alexis et al. Importance of information in the control of the symptoms of breast dysplasia. Rev Cubana Cir [online]. 2008, vol.47, n.2. ISSN 0034-7493.

INTRODUCTION. Breast dysplasia is a health problem of great social impact due to the stress and anxiety accompanying it. The present paper was aimed at assessing different variants of behavior before this affection. METHODS. A retrospective prospective study was conducted among 3 688 patients that were diagnosed breast dysplasia and received attention from January 1991 to December 2004 in «Comandante Manuel Fajardo» Teaching Hospital. RESULTS. The incidence of breast dysplasia (fibrocystic disease) at the breast pathology office was 50 %, followed in frequency by fibroadenoma and inflammatory diseases. A two-stage study was undertaken: one with retrospective character (1991-1996) and the other with prospective character (1997-2004). The evolution of the cases that received only information was similar to that of those that underwent other medical treatment schemes, in both stages. Surgical exeresis was necessary in 16.21 % and 13.42 % of the patients, respectively, due to suspicion of carcinoma. CONCLUSIONS. Medical information is an option that may be used in more than 70 % of females with breast dysplasia (fibrocystic disease). Some of its advantages are that the results last more than those of medical treatment and that it reduces the unnecessary administration of drugs. The surgical treatment of the fibrocystic disease is only justified when cancer is suspected and in lesions that neither modify nor hurt during the menstrual cycle, mainly in females over 35.

Palabras clave : Medical treatment; medical information; breast dysplasia; fibrocystic disease.

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