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Revista Cubana de Cirugía

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7493versión On-line ISSN 1561-2945

Resumen

REYNALDO GONZALEZ, María de los Ángeles; TRINCHET SOLER, Rafael; PEREZ FERNANDEZ, Julia  y  ALVAREZ BORGES, Francisco Emilio. Behavior of pharyngocutaneous fistula. Rev Cubana Cir [online]. 2010, vol.49, n.2. ISSN 0034-7493.

INTRODUCTION. The pharyngocutaneous fistula is clinically detected by appearance of saliva together with deglutition. It is more frequent in postoperative period of total laryngectomies and may to appear in a spontaneous way by dehiscence of pharyngeal suture provoked by deglutition movements of patient or to go with a infection or necrosis. METHODS. A descriptive and bilateral study was conducted on the behavior of pharyngocutaneous fistulas in Cervicofacial Oncology Surgery Service of "Vladimir Ilich Lenin" University Hospital in Holguín province. Study sample included all patients operated on by total laryngectomy from 2003 to 2008. There was a total 158 patients and all underwent a manual closure of hypofarynx. RESULTS. Fistulas were present in the 5,6% of cases. The 77,7% of patients had underwent radiotherapy before surgery and the 66,4% of them underwent tracheostomies at surgical operation. In all patients operated on by pharyngotome there was postsurgical sepsis and feeding was started at 10 and 12 days in the 88,4% of cases. CONCLUSIONS. The wide predominance of male patients is directly related to usual toxic habits in this sex. Presurgical tracheostomy is accepted by surgeons as a risk factor for development of fistula, but in present paper wasn't significant. Onset of oral feeding in patients presenting with layngectomies must to fluctuate between 10 and 14 days, never before, but there isn't a hypopharynx healing allowing the foods passage. Also, so it is possible to avoid the appearance of complications like the pharyngocutaneous fistulas.

Palabras clave : Pharyngocutaneous fistulas; pharyngotome.

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