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Revista Cubana de Cirugía

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7493versión On-line ISSN 1561-2945

Resumen

PEREZ LOPEZ, Gladys; MOREJON GARCIA, Moisés  y  ALVAREZ CESPEDES, Belkis. Antimicrobial prophylaxis related to otorhinolaryngology elective major surgery. Rev Cubana Cir [online]. 2010, vol.49, n.2. ISSN 0034-7493.

INTRODUCTION. Antimicrobial prophylaxis decreases the surgical infections, but its indiscriminate use to favors the increment of infection rates and the bacterial resistance is much more probable in presence of antibiotics. The aim of present research was to evaluate the results of antibiotic prophylaxis in the otorhinolaryngology elective major surgery. METHODS. A retrospective-descriptive research was made on the prophylactic use of antibiotics in this type of surgery in the Otorhinolaryngology Service of the "Comandant Manuel Fajardo" during 6 years (2001-2006). Sample included 661 patients and the following variables were studied: sex, age and therapeutic response criteria (satisfactory and non-satisfactory). According to the intervention complexity oral antibiotic or parenteral prophylaxis was administered carrying out a surgical hound site culture. RESULTS. There was a predominance of male sex (54,1%) and the 31 and 62 age group. The 41,90% of patients operated on required antibiotic prophylaxis. The was a 7,9% of surgical wound infections. The more frequent microorganisms were Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacter and Escherichia. In head and neck oncology surgeries infection average was high (42,3%). Torpid course was due to concurrence of infection risk factors. There were neither adverse events nor severe complications. CONCLUSIONS. In Otorhinolaryngology, antimicrobial prophylaxis works against a wide variety of microorganisms but not in the Oncology surgeries.

Palabras clave : Antimicrobial prophylaxis; elective major surgery; Oncology surgery; Otorhinolaryngology.

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