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Revista Cubana de Cirugía

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7493

Resumen

LABRADA DESPAIGNE, Alberto  y  MIRO BERMUDEZ, Anette. ProSeal laryngeal mask, an alternative in the surgical cervical trauma. Rev Cubana Cir [online]. 2011, vol.50, n.4, pp.431-437. ISSN 0034-7493.

Introduction: the endotracheal intubation is the more used method for airways permeability in the patient presenting with rachimedullary requiring mechanical ventilation. Objective: to compare the use of the ProSeal laryngeal mask versus endotracheal tube in patients presenting with traumatic cervical injury with elective cervical spine surgery. Methods: a case/control and analytical study was conducted over 5 years. The sample included 158 patients presenting with cervical injury who came to our trauma center with criteria of cervical spine fixation and elective surgical correction. Two groups were created by randomized sampling: a study group (ProSeal laryngeal mask) and a control group (orotracheal tube). Data processing included the estimation of summary measures for qualitative variables and for the contrast of homogeneity hypothesis among the study groups authors used the Chi2 test with a significance level of p< 0,05. Results: there was predominance of patients aged 20 and 30 and of male sex. With the use of laryngeal mask it was achieved the permeation of airway in more than 90 % of cases during the first attempt; with the placement of endotracheal tube only it was achieved in the 70 % of patients. Times required to establish appropriate ventilation were less in those where we used laryngeal mask than in those with endotracheal tube with significant differences from the statistical point of view and less complications after the use of the above mentioned mask. Conclusions: it was demonstrated that the\is type of mask was more effective for airway treatment in patients presenting with cervical trauma.

Palabras clave : laryngeal mask; cervical trauma; airway.

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