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Revista Cubana de Cirugía

Print version ISSN 0034-7493On-line version ISSN 1561-2945


GUTIERREZ ALTAMIRANO, Katia; LLORENTE LLANO, Francisco Fidel; VEGA GALVEZ, Melissa  and  VIDAL PACHECO, Daniuska. Results of Treating Of Anal Cancer Patients at Comandante Manuel Fajardo Surgical Clinical University Hospital. Rev Cubana Cir [online]. 2022, vol.61, n.2, e1363.  Epub June 20, 2022. ISSN 0034-7493.


Anal cancer is the one with the lowest incidence of the digestive tract, but in recent years it has slightly increased.


To identify the results of the treatment used for anal cancer in the Coloproctology Service of Comandante Manuel Fajardo Surgical Clinical University Hospital.


A descriptive and observational study was carried out with patients diagnosed and treated for anal cancer in the 2014-2019 period. Variables such as pathological history, risk factors, symptoms, stage of the disease, treatments, among others, were studied.


The mean age was 58.4 ± 14.7 years and 75.3% were women. 52.1% had pathological antecedents and the most frequent risk factor was age (> 50 years: 80.8%). The most usual location was in the anal canal and stages II and III. Bleeding appeared in 58.9% of the patients. Chemoradiation therapy (87.7%), local exeresis (17.8%) and abdominoperineal surgery (8.2%) were applied. Colostomy was performed in 14% of individuals; 72.6% were free of colostomy for more than one year. The colostomy-free time was 87.5%, with treatment of 5 years and more. 24.7% died, the disease progression was the cause of death in 55.6% of the diseased subjects, while the most frequent cause was liver metastasis.


Chemoradiotherapy was the main treatment with which an acceptable survival rate was obtained in patients with anal cancer.

Keywords : anal cancer; squamous cell carcinoma; chemoradiation therapy.

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