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Revista Cubana de Estomatología

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7507versión On-line ISSN 1561-297X

Resumen

Prevalence of deforming habits and dentomaxillofacial anomalies in 3-6 years-old children, 2000- 2003. Rev Cubana Estomatol [online]. 2004, vol.41, n.2. ISSN 0034-7507.

A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on 576 children aged 3-6 years from 5 day care centers cared for by "Ormani Arenado" dental clinic located in Pinar del Río province from September 2002 to September 2003. It was aimed at defining the prevalence of deforming habits and dentomaxillofacial anomalies. These children were examined according to variables such as sex, age, existing deforming habits, and classification of occlusion and dentomaxillofacial anomalies. It was found that less than half of the children presented with malocclusion, the linking between deforming habits and dentomaxillofacial anomalies was very significant, abnormal deglutition and digit sucking were the most frequent deforming habits and that the most observed dentomaxillofacial anomalies were anterior open bite and dentoalveolar prognathism. It was concluded that there is a close association of deforming habits and dentomaxillofacial anomalies.

Palabras clave : tooth anomalies; jaw abnormalities,; malocclusion; mouth breathing; finger sucking; lingual habits.

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