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Revista Cubana de Estomatología

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7507versión On-line ISSN 1561-297X

Resumen

DIAZ FERNANDEZ, José Manuel; GAMEZ RODRIGUEZ, Maximiliano Freddy; PEREZ RODRIGUEZ, Ángel  y  ROBERT RAMOS, Jacinto. DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC DIAGNOSIS OF THE BUCCOFACIAL INJURIES RESULTING FROM BICYCLE ACCIDENT. Rev Cubana Estomatol [online]. 2005, vol.42, n.1. ISSN 0034-7507.

A descriptive and cross-sectional study on the diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of the maxillofacial trauma due to bicycle accident was undertaken in 194 patients with buccofacial injuries that received attention at the Emergency Maxillofacial Surgery Service of "Saturnino Lora" Clinical and Surgical Hospital in Santiago de Cuba from October 1, 1998 to December 31, 1999. It was observed that fall was the accident that caused the highest number of injured persons, mainly non-severe, whereas collision produced the greatest percentage of severe injuries and deaths. The injuries of the soft tissue prevailed in this type of accident, above all in the contusions and lacerations, generally caused by the fall, which was the mechanism that originated the largest number and diversity of the osteal injuries, with predominance of the zygomatic, palatoalveolar and mandibular fractures. The collision stood out in the production of combined nasal, nasoethmoidal and Le Fort fractures. The most affected region was the cranium. It also showed the highest diversity and severity of the injuries associated with facial traumatisms. It was observed a predominance of the non-severe maxillofacial injuries, which were compatible with the non-surgical procedures and received ambulatory care.

Palabras clave : Buccofacial injuries; bicycle accident; bicycle; trauma.

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