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Revista Cubana de Estomatología

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7507versión On-line ISSN 1561-297X

Resumen

SOTO GONGORA, Sergio  y  TEXIS GONZALEZ, Miriam Guadalupe. BONE GRAFTS: AN EFFECTIVE AND CURRENT ALTERNATIVE FOR THE RECONSTRUCTION OF THE CRANIOFACIAL COMPLEX. Rev Cubana Estomatol [online]. 2005, vol.42, n.1. ISSN 0034-7507.

The use of bone grafts as an alternative to reconstruct osteal congenital or caused defects, such as traumatisms, oncological and infectious sequelae, is aimed at restoring the anatomical and functional integrity of an altered structure. During decades, investigators have tried to find in grafts certain characteristics that response to each of the reconstruction needs. This fact has led to the study and comparison of the benefits of some osteal structures that are potential donors and may increase the chances of success and considerably reduce the possible risks and complications during the graft taking. Likewise, diverse implantation materials have been studied, but they do not have the natural capacity to induce the osteal regeneration process, which makes them inert biocompatible "filling" materials that do not substitute the characteristics of the grafts, but they can improve the results if they are used together. The present paper recommends the use of bone grafts as a viable, effective and current alternative as regards reconstruction.

Palabras clave : Grafts; bone grafts; craniofacial complex; bones; iliac crest; rib..

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