Revista Cubana de Estomatología
versão On-line ISSN 1561-297X
SOTRES VAZQUEZ, Jorge et al. Study of periodontal disease and oral higiene in dysocclusion . Rev Cubana Estomatol [online]. 2005, vol.42, n.3, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1561-297X.
A research was undertaken among 50 patients that received attention at the Periodontics Service of “Hermanos Gómez” Dental Clinic. A clinical examination was made to evaluate the presence of occlusal contacts in the present teeth. The oral higiene degree was measured by Greene and Vermillion's oral higiene index, whereas the the prevalence and severity of the periodontal disease was measured by using Russell's periodontal index. In those cases in which the teeth did not occlude, the cause was mentioned. Dysocclusion showed a high incidence with 27.82 % of the tooth without occlusal contacts. The most frequent cause was the absence of antagonic tooth (78.1 %). Oral higiene was worse in the cases presenting dysocclusion. Both, the prevalence and the severity of the periodontal disease increased in the tooth that did not occlude.
Palavras-chave : Periodontal disease; oral higiene; occlusion; dysocclusion.