Revista Cubana de Estomatología
versión On-line ISSN 1561-297X
PUEO LAZO, María Elena; ACOSTA NAVARRO, María y OSORIO NUNEZ, Maritza. The periodontal state and the oral hygiene in cardiopathy patients at “Plaza de la Revolución ” Polyclinic . Rev Cubana Estomatol [online]. 2006, vol.43, n.3, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1561-297X.
The periodontal disease is related to the cardiovascular diseases, since the microorganisms of the gingival sulcus and of the periodontal pockets may aggravate the beginning and the course of these cardiovascular affections. A descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted in a non-probabilistic sample of 210 cardiopathy patients of “Plaza de la Revolución ” Polyclinic in February 2003. They were applied the revised oral higiene index (R-OHI) of Greene and Vermillion, and the revised periodontal index of Russell (R-PI).The following variables were studied: age, sex, periodontal state, and oral hygiene degree. It was confirmed that 91 % of these patients presented some periodontal affection degree, and that the young adults had the highest prevalence of chronic gingival disease, accounting for 83.3 %. The severity of the periodontopathies increased with age. There were no significant differences by sex. Only 8 % of these patients had a good oral hygiene. The inadequate hygiene prevailed in the studied group. It was evidenced that as the oral hygiene was more deficient, the degree of periodontal affection grew. That's why, it is important to take preventive and curative measures to improve the periodontal health and to reduce the risks in this group of categorized patients.
Palabras llave : Periodontal state; cardiopathy patients..