Revista Cubana de Estomatología
On-line version ISSN 1561-297X
TRAVIESAS HERRERA, Eladio Miguel and RODRIGUEZ LLANES, Ricardo. Smoking, oral higiene and chronic immunoinflammatory periodontopathies in adults of Guanajay municipality. Rev Cubana Estomatol [online]. 2007, vol.44, n.1, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1561-297X.
Smoking has been identified as the most significant environmental risk factor in destructive periodontal disease. A non-experimental study, which was firstly prospective and later descriptive, was conducted; the sample was intentional and composed of 214 voluntary smoker patients over 19 years of age. The individuals were grouped according to age, degree of oral hygiene, periodontal status and number of cigarettes that they smoked daily. A survey and an oral exam were applied to all those who agreed to be included in the sample. Greene and Vermilton oral hygiene indexes as well as Russell´s periodontal index, both revised by WHO, were used. Our study could determine that prevalence of periodontal disease was 100% in tested patients, their oral hygiene was very poor since calculus was predominantly extended in this population. As smoking intensity increases, more damages in oral hygiene and periodontal state are reported.
Keywords : SMOKING [adverse effects]; PERIODONTAL DISEASES [etiology]; PERIODONTAL DISEASES [epidemiology]; ORAL HYGIENE INDEX; PERIODONTAL INDEX.