Revista Cubana de Estomatología
versión On-line ISSN 1561-297X
VANEGAS ACOSTA, Juan Carlos; LANDINEZ PARRA, Nancy Stella y GARZON-ALVARADO, Diego Alexander. Mechanobiology of bone-dental implant interphase. Rev Cubana Estomatol [online]. 2010, vol.47, n.1, pp. 14-36. ISSN 1561-297X.
The osteointegration is the structural and functional connection between bone and implant. When an implant is inserted in bone, it creates the so-called bone-implant interphase, a joint zone between implant biomaterial surface and the surrounding bone. The healing of this interphase depends on bone biological conditions, characteristic of implant design and the distribution of loads between bone and implant. The aim of present article is to review of healing process of bone-implant interphase for a dental implant and also to describe the sequence of biological events beginning with lesion caused by implant insertion and leading to the formation of a new bone in the interphase. This description includes a novel classification of mechanical phenomena present in the healing process of tissues affected. This mechanobiological description of dental bone-implant interphase is used to determine the more significant features to be into account in formulation of a mathematical model of the osteointegration of dental implants.
Palabras llave : Interphase; dental bone-implant; wound healing; bone growth; mechanotransduction; mechanobiology.