Revista Cubana de Estomatología
On-line version ISSN 1561-297X
ALVAREZ MARTINEZ, Efraín et al. Clinical-histopathology features of oral squamous cell carcinoma in Medellin, Colombia. Rev Cubana Estomatol [online]. 2010, vol.47, n.1, pp. 81-95. ISSN 1561-297X.
Buccal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is frequent malign neoplasm in oral cavity; however, there isn't information on its incidence and clinical and histological behavior of this type of cancer in Antioquia (Colombia). Methods: Present study supply information on the clinical and histological features of SCC from medical records of 197 persons (56.9 %) (112 of male sex and 85 of female sex (43.1 %) seen in "San Vicente de Paúl" University Hospital of Medellin for 13 years. Results: A total of 197 medical records were studied, the 61.9 % (122) of population aged over 60 at diagnosis, 78.7 % (157) from Antioquia, and the 78.6 % (155) had smoking backgrounds, and the 17.8 % (35) of persons had a family history of cancer. More frequent location of SCC was in tongue for a 45 % (90), followed by hard palate for a 17.1 % (17) and mouth floor for a 8.5 % (17), most of them (7.9 %) were diagnosed with late stages (III and IV) regards the differentiation degree the carcinoma were well and moderately differentiated, 45.2 % (89) and 42.6 % (84), respectively.
Keywords : Oral cancer; oral cavity; risk factors.