Revista Cubana de Estomatología
versión ISSN 0034-7507
PENON VIVAS, Pedro Ángel; GRAU LEON, Ileana y SARRACENT PEREZ, Humberto. Clinical characterization of the temporomandibular dysfunction syndrome in patients from the "Miguel Enríquez" University Hospital. Rev Cubana Estomatol [online]. 2011, vol.48, n.4, pp. 371-381. ISSN 0034-7507.
The temporomandibular dysfunction syndrome is a significant health problem involving more than 50 % of the world population in any moment of the life: manifesting more by its signs than its symptoms. The aim of present paper was to conduct an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study to characterize the behavior of above syndrome in 61 patients suffering this affection seen in the "Miguel Enriquez" University Hospital from September, 2009 to February, 2010. There was predominance of female sex (80.3 %) with relation to the male one (19.7 %). The age group with greater representation was that of 40-49 years (29.5 %) including mainly female patients. The bilateral articular involvement was significant (42.0 %). The initial clicks were the more frequent noise modality (41.6 %). Most of study patients had restriction of the buccal opening (91.8 %). We conclude that there was predominance of female sex and the age group of 40-49 years, being greater the bilateral articular involvement; whereas within the study clinical variables the restriction of the buccal opening was the more frequent.
Palabras llave : temporomandibular dysfunction syndrome; temporomandibular disorders; temporomandibular joint.