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Revista Cubana de Estomatología

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7507versión On-line ISSN 1561-297X

Resumen

KIM ESPINOZA ESPINOZA, Daniel Alonso  y  CACERES LA TORRE, Oswaldo Andreé. Effect of the non-quirurgical periodontal treatment over the endotelial function. Rev Cubana Estomatol [online]. 2020, vol.57, n.3, e2976.  Epub 01-Sep-2020. ISSN 0034-7507.

Introduction:

Periodontitis is characterized by being an inflammation mediated by the host and associated with microbes that produce, the loss of periodontal adhesion. A localized focal infection such as periodontal disease could lead to systemic inflammation. Vascular endothelial dysfunction has been associated with a variety of pathologies and risk factors for atherosclerosis, including age, hypertension, dyslipidemias, diabetes, smoking, specific cardiovascular pathologies such as coronary artery disease, cerebral, inflammatory, and infectious processes such as periodontal disease.

Objective:

Assess the effects of non-surgical periodontal treatment on the endothelial function of patients with chronic periodontitis through a review of randomized clinical trials.

Methods:

We used a primary search strategy using a combination of controlled vocabulary and free text terms based on the MEDLINE search strategy through PubMed using the PubMed Advanced Search Builder on July 05, 2019.

Analysis and integration of the information:

29 articles of 2214 were selected because they are human studies where the study variables are related. 100% of the selected articles found that 37.9% belonged to case-control studies, 31% belonged to cross-sectional studies, 10.34% to cohort studies and only 20.6% were clinical trial studies, of which only 3 articles (10%) were selected for this review.

Conclusions:

Periodontal therapy does not have an effect on endothelial function in a period of 3 months, however at 6 months an improvement in endothelial function was reported.

Palabras clave : Endothelium; Periodontitis; Blood Vessels.

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