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Revista Cubana de Farmacia

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7515


MARQUEZ FERNANDEZ, Diana Margarita et al. Effect of extracts from the calcareous sponge Leucetta aff. floridana on the cell cycle of leukemoid cell lines. Rev Cubana Farm [online]. 2012, vol.46, n.4, pp.436-445. ISSN 0034-7515.

Introduction: Leucetta aff. floridana sponge produces compounds with differential antiproliferative activity on lung and breast cancer. Nevertheless, this activity in other tumour cell lines has not yet been tested and it remains unknown whether its antiproliferative potential is correlated with the cell progression through cell cycle or not. Objective: To evaluate the antiproliferative and anticlonogenic potential and the effect of methanolic and hexanic extracts of sponge L. aff. floridana from the Colombian Caribbean region on the cell cycle of Jurkat and K562 leukemoid cell lines. Methods: The viability and antiproliferative effect were determined using trypan blue assay at 0, 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours. Clongenicity and effect on cell cycle were assayed at 10 and 100 µg/mL Data obtained were analyzed using multifactorial ANOVA and Tukey's test. Results: The hexanic extract presented antiproliferative activity in both Jurkat and K652 cell lines; Jurkat being more sensitive than K652. These results were confirmed by clongenicity assays. The hexanic extract also showed its effect on the dose-dependent accumulation of Sub-G1 cells, although it was different in the two cell lines. The duration of the treatment with the hexanic extract was not significant for K562 cell line, but it was for Jurkat cells. Additionally, the percentage of cell accumulation in Sub-G1 was higher in K562 than in Jurkat cells. The methanolic extract showed antiproliferative effect similar to that of the hexanic extract, but more potent at the lowest concentration (10 µg/mL) in K652 cell line clonegenicity. The effect on cell cycle was also similar to that of the hexanic extract, but in this case the duration of treatment was not significant in the cell accumulation in Sub-G1. Conclusions: Altogether these results show the differential potential of the extracts on the cell cycle of the evaluated leukemoid cell lines.

Palabras clave : clonegenicity; cell cycle; cytotoxicity; Colombian marine sponges.

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