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Revista Cubana de Farmacia

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7515


SALOMON IZQUIERDO, Suslebys; MORALES LACARRERE, Iván G; GOMEZ CARRIL, Marta  y  LOPEZ HERNANDEZ, Orestes D. Design of a formulation of highly dispersed cyclosporine A oral solution. Rev Cubana Farm [online]. 2013, vol.47, n.1, pp.5-16. ISSN 0034-7515.

Cyclosporine A (CsA), due to its immunosuppressive properties, is used in the transplantation of solid organs, bone marrow, and in some stages of certain autoimmune diseases. In Cuba, the Cyclosporine A oral solution causes gastrointestinal absorption problems. Objectives: to achieve a pre-concentrated micro-emulsion containing highly dispersed cyclosporine A that may be equal to or higher than the one in the commercial formulation. Methods: study of percentages of emulsifiers and of hydrophilic lipophilic balance (HLB), at some intervals that allow obtaining self-emulsifying systems through a multilevel factorial design. The percent transmittance was used as the response variable in determining the formulation dispersion degree. The evaluation of the organoleptic characteristics of the selected formulation, the rheological study, the microbial count and the antimicrobial effectiveness estimation were all performed. Results: the studied factors have a significant influence on the transmittance percentage, the formulation with the highest degree of dispersion was achieved when using 60% of emulsifiers and an HLB of 11.5, being transmittance values of 95.03%, which were significantly higher than those of the leading product in the form of soft capsules, equal to 84.6%. Organoleptically speaking, the product meets the characteristics of a clear brilliant fluid without suspended particles and Newtonian behavior from the rheological point of view. The bacteria and fungi count met requirements of U.S. Pharmacopoeia for oral solutions. Conclusions: a pre-concentrate highly dispersed CsA microemulsion was achieved in a drinkable solution meeting the physical requirements and microbiological criteria established for this type of dosage form.

Palabras clave : Bioavailability; surfactant; hydrophilic-lipophilic balance; Self-Micro Emulsifying System; preconcentrate microemulsion; isotropy.

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