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Revista Cubana de Farmacia

Print version ISSN 0034-7515

Abstract

CARRILLO-ALARCON, Lourdes Cristina et al. Use of Yellow Card and of NOM220 Format for reporting of suspected adverse drug reactions. Rev Cubana Farm [online]. 2014, vol.48, n.1, pp.96-107. ISSN 0034-7515.

Introduction: the reporting of adverse drug reactions is a global obligation. Although many methods have been implemented, there are still problems at present. Objective: to determine the frequency of suspected adverse reactions in patients and to compare the access to filling out the NOM220 formats of the Secretaría de Salud and the Yellow Card suggested by the World Health Organization. Methods: a cross-sectional and observational study was made. Fifty physicians responsible for the diabetes clinics in the state of Hidalgo participated in the study. First, the physicians were trained to identify the suspected adverse drug reactions in their patients. A crossover design was created where 50 % of physicians used the NOM220 format and 50 % the Yellow Card. Three months later, they exchanged the formats and used them during the following three months. After this period, questionnaire was administered to determine the usefulness, clarity, filling out time and convenience of the formats. Descriptive statistics and bivariate analyses were applied to determine the factors associated with the suspected adverse drug reactions with SPSS software (version 17). Results: a total of 46 suspected adverse reactions were registered in 46 patients using NOM220 format and 78 with the Yellow Card in 78 patients. All the suspected adverse reactions were type A. The physicians recommended the use of Yellow Card since they considered that it is practical, simple, readable, understandable, accessible and requires less time to fill it out (p< 0.05). Conclusions: the results allow selecting the Yellow Card as the most accessible choice for reporting suspected drug adverse reactions; additionally, they suggest that adjustments should be also made in the NOM220 format.

Keywords : Report of suspected adverse reactions; pharmacovigilance; diabetes mellitus; Mexico.

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