Revista Cubana de Medicina
versão On-line ISSN 1561-302X
Reference is made to high digestive bleeding, one of the most terrible and frequent complications of the cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension, that sometimes is the main cause of mortality in chronic complicated hepatopathies. The causes may be multiple, and among them 80% or more are secondary to the rupture of esophageal varices, whereas the rest is the result of different vascular disorders of the gastric mucosa, and of the small and long intestine originated by portal hypertension. It is presented an updated and summarized revision of the gastropathy secondary to portal hypertension also denominated "congestive gastropathy or vasculopathy of the gastric mucosa" to make known the new concepts of the entity and to follow a satisfactory conduct in the gastric lesions of portal hypertension.
Palavras-chave : HYPERTENSION, PORTAL [complications]; GASTROINTESTINAL HEMORRHAGE [etiology]; STOMACH DISEASES [etiology].