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Revista Cubana de Medicina

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7523versão On-line ISSN 1561-302X

Resumo

PAEZ PRATS, Isidoro Alberto et al. Características clinicoepidemiológicas de pacientes asmáticos de una consulta especializada. Rev cubana med [online]. 1998, vol.37, n.4, pp.212-216. ISSN 0034-7523.

With the purpose of knowing the epidemiological aspects, the contributing and precipitating factors, as well as the previous treatment of the patients from the Bronchial Asthma Outpatient Service, the case histories of 275 persons treated in the period between April 1994 and April 1996, were reviewed. The demographic variables, the unchaining factors, and the therapeutical aspects, were analyzed. Women made up the 90,18 % of the sample; the average age was 33 years, with 21 years as average evolution time for the disease. The 84,3 % of the patients had familiar atopic backgrounds; 15,7 % did not present contributing factors, while the 100 % recognized some precipitating factor of their crisis. The 45 % of the sample had no intercrisis treatment, and a deficient sanitary education about the disease was observed in 60 %. The results showed that the patients had unchaining factors similar to those observed in the literature, the intercrisis treatment was irregular, and not always carried antiphlogistic drugs. Fifteen issues were identified; such outlined the characteristics of these patients, and made easier the clinical and therapeutic approach.

Palavras-chave : ASTHMA [epidemiology]; PRECIPITATING FACTORS.

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