Revista Cubana de Medicina
versão On-line ISSN 1561-302X
NENINGER VINAGERAS, Elia; VELBES MARQUETTI, Pedro e DEL CASTILLO CARRILLO, Concepción. Incidencia de infección por el virus de la hepatitis B y C. Rev cubana med [online]. 2001, vol.40, n.1, pp. 24-29. ISSN 1561-302X.
It is known that patients with malignant tumors, treated with cytostatics, are more exposed to viral infections because of the frequent use of the parenteral route of administration. This study analyzes the frequency of hepatitis B and C in patients under treatment. Three hundred and thirty six patients with different tumor locations were studied to analyze the serologic and clinical characteristics of the infested. The viral infection was screened through serologic markers Umelissa HbsAg and HVC. Blood values of alaninoaminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and bilirubine. A transcutaneous hepatic biopsy was taken. It was found that 3.27 % of patients caught infection, with predominance of hepatitis B virus infection. It was known that all the patients had been surgically treated and that drug therapy lasted from 4 to 15 months. The main risk factors found were surgeries, frequent parenteral access and blood transfusions. The most evident clinical sign was hepatomegalia. The results reveal a low incidence of B and C viral infection. The importance of carrying out the screening of B and C virus in patients under drug therapy, who present with high levels of hepatic enzymes
Palavras-chave : HEPATITIS B VIRUS; HEPATITIS C-LIKE VIRUSES; HEPATITIS B [diagnosis]; HEPATITIS C [diagnosis]; RISK FACTORS; BLOOD TRANSFUSION [adverse effects]; ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS [adverse effects]; INFECTIONS, INTRAVENOUS [adverse effects]; NEOPLASMS [drug therapy]; SEROLOGIC TESTS.