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Revista Cubana de Medicina

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7523versión On-line ISSN 1561-302X

Resumen

DE LA CAMPA, Jesús Diego et al. Manifestaciones pulmonares en pacientes con linfomas. Rev cubana med [online]. 2002, vol.41, n.2, pp.81-86. ISSN 0034-7523.

A descriptive study was conducted in 88 patients with lymphomas (25 Hodgkin’s disease and 63 non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma) seen at "Hermanos Ameijeiras" Clinical and Surgical Hospital from April 1997 to December 1998. Its objective was to identify the pulmonary manifestations. Symptoms and signs of the respiratory system and chest Rx results were analyzed in all the patients. Seventy-nine of them underwent respiratory function testing. Asymptomatic patients prevailed (69/88 for 78,4 %) (p < 0,01); the most frequent respiratory symptom was cough (6/25 for 24 % in Hodgkin’s disease and 10/63 for 15,8 % in non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas). A high number of patients did not present alterations when they were applied a respiratory physical exam (73/88 for 82,9 %) (p < 0,01); the reduction of vesicular breath sounds was the most frequent disturbance (15/88 for 17 %). It was observed that chest radiology was normal in more than half of the cases (53/88 for 60.2%) (p = 0,025) and mediastinal adenopathies were the most frequent disorders (30/88 for 34 %). Alterations in X-rays were mostly found in Hodgkin’s disease (18/25 for 72 %) that non-Hodgkin´s lymphoma (17/63, 27 %). The respiratory function tests were normal in 74.7 % of the cases (59/79) (p < 0,01) whereas slight restrictive ventilatory disorder was more detected (9/79 for 11,4 %). Data revealed that in the group of studied patients, the frequency of pulmonary manifestations is similar to the one reported by other authors and that there are neither pathognomonic respiratory symptoms nor signs for each type of lymphoma.

Palabras clave : LYMPHOMA NON- HODGKIN [complications]; HODGKIN DISEASE [complications]; RESPIRATORY FUNCTION TESTS [methods]; LUNG [injury]; THORACIC DISEASES.

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