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Revista Cubana de Medicina

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7523versión On-line ISSN 1561-302X

Resumen

VAZQUEZ VIGOA, Alfredo et al. Perception of arterial hypertension as a risk factor: Contribution ot the world day of fight against arterial hypertension. Rev cubana med [online]. 2006, vol.45, n.3. ISSN 0034-7523.

A cross-sectional multicenter study was conducted in a sample of 502 subjects aged 15 or over of both sexes in 3 units of the national health system. Most of them were health workers that volunteered to measure their arterial pressure motivated by the propaganda carried out on the occasion of the world day of fight against arterial hypertension to determine the frequency of arterial hypertension (known and new cases), to evaluate the control degree of the known hypertensives, and to identify the frequency of isolated systolic hypertension and its relation to age. The casual determination of arterial hypertension was used according to the recommendations of the American Society of Cardiology and the criteria and recommendations of the VII Report of the Joint Northamerican Committee (JNC-VII) on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of Arterial Hypertension.The data were collected in a form containing variables such as age, sex, personal history of arterial hypertension, pharmacological treatment, and arterial hypertension readings. The data were tabulated in a Microsoft Access database with text in Microsoft Word system. The SPSS statistical system of Windows 2000 was used. the results were expressed in absolute frequencies and percentages. A frequency of arterial hypertension of 50.2 % was detected. The frequency of new cases was 9.8 % and the highest number of known hypertensives were aged 55-64 (27.6 %). It was found an association between the age increase and the percentage of new and known cases with hypertension. The most common way of arterial blood pressure elevation was the systodiastolic (64 %). The prevalence of isolated arterial systolic hypertension was 15.9 % and it was significantly associated with the age rise. 75.4 % of the hypertensives were under treatment. 46.8 % of the known and new cases were controlled. It was concluded that the celebration of the world day of fight against arterial hypertension together with the consultations in non-conventional places, increased the perception of risk of this syndrome, the screening of new cases and enhanced the education on the control of the known cases.

Palabras clave : Hipertensión arterial; prevalencia; hipertensión sistólica aislada y control.

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