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Revista Cubana de Medicina

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7523versión On-line ISSN 1561-302X

Resumen

ALVAREZ ALIAGA, Alexis  y  GONZALEZ AGUILERA, Julio César. Some risk factors of hypertensive heart disease. Rev cubana med [online]. 2009, vol.48, n.4, pp.139-151. ISSN 0034-7523.

A case-control study of patients diagnosed with arterial hypertension seen in specialized consultation was conducted to identify if there is a association among different supposedly influential factors on the development of the hypertensive heart disease. Patients were selected in a random way 1:2 (300 cases: 600 controls). Patients aged over or equal to 63 tripled the risk to suffer the disease (OR 3.02; CI 95 % 2.27-4.03) and smoking double it (OR 2.06; CI 95 % 1.55-2.73). Within the cardiovascular risk biomarkers are the reactive C protein raising the risk to more than 13 (OR 13; CI 95 % 9.70-19.3) followed by creatinine (OR 5.03; CI 95 % 3.37-7.51) and glycemia (OR 4.96; CI 95 % 93.61-6.81). Disease course time (OR 4.26; CI 95 % 3.18-5.72), hypertension degree (OR 2.21; CI 95 % 1.65-2.96), and lack arterial hypertension control (OR 2.16; CI 95 % 1.63-2.87) were the risk factors. We conclude with a logistic regression analysis showing that reactive C protein, uric acid, glycemia and microalbuminuria are the more significant independent risk factors for the disease development.

Palabras clave : Arterial hypertension; hypertensive heart disease; risk factors.

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