Revista Cubana de Medicina
versión On-line ISSN 1561-302X
ALVAREZ ALIAGA, Alexis et al. Death risk factors by community bacterial bronchopneumonia. Rev cubana med [online]. 2009, vol.48, n.4, pp. 163-172. ISSN 1561-302X.
A case-control study was conducted to identify the death risk factors in patients diagnosed with community bacterial bronchopneumonia admitted in Internal Medicine service of the "Carlos Manuel de Céspedes" university hospital of Bayamo province from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2008. Sample was selected by simple sampling, 100 cases and the same number of controls. Similar age of higher to 65 years almost quadruples the death risk by bronchopneumonia (OR 3.73; CI 1.98-7.08; p=0.000), and the male sex duplicates it (OR 2.25;CI 1.23-4.13). Included in the more relevant personal pathologic backgrounds are the diabetes mellitus which increases the death risk in more then eight times (OR 8.88; CI 2.79-31.40; p=0.000), followed by malign neoplasia (OR 8.61; CI 1.06-18.04; p=0.017). The shock was the clinical manifestation associated with death (OR 6.00; CI 2.04-18.90; p=0.004), and the leukopenia was the humoral datum (OR 2.94; CI 2.94-46.68; p=0.000). Study was concluded with the logistic regression analysis showing that shock, lengthy bed rest, and neoplasia were the independent risk factors more associated with death by community bacterial bronchopneumonia.
Palabras llave : Community bacterial bronchopneumonia; risk factors; death.