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Revista Cubana de Medicina

versión On-line ISSN 1561-302X


HANO GARCIA, Olga Marina; WOOD RODRIGUEZ, Lisette  y  VILLA JIMENEZ, Oscar Manuel. Clinicoepidemiologic characterization and endoscopy in patients with colorectal cancer. Rev cubana med [online]. 2010, vol.49, n.1, pp. 7-16. ISSN 1561-302X.

Colorectal carcinoma is recognized as the second death cause from cancer in most of developed countries; the increasing exposure to risk factor such as smoking, changes in diet, in lifestyles, as well as environmental and infectious factors is conductive to its morbidity and mortality increase. A prospective and descriptive study was conducted in 65 patients older than 18 years seen from April, 2007 to April, 2008 in the Endoscopy Service of the National Institute of Gastroenterology, diagnosed with colorectal carcinoma by colonoscopy and histology. In collection form were registered: sex, age, personal backgrounds of colon cancer, polyps, intestinal inflammatory disease and cholecystectomy; family backgrounds of colon cancer or another location; toxic habits: smoking and alcoholism; diet as regards: vegetal fiber ingestion and animal fat; anatomic location of cancer and histology. We conclude that there was predominance of female sex, the more frequent diagnosis age was between 60 and 70 years. The personal background of colon polyp and the family background of colon cancer were the more frequent. There was also predominance of smokers and heavy drinkers with or without effect. There was a great ingestion of animal fat and few ingestion of vegetal fiber. The more frequent anatomical location was the rectosygmoid, where the histological colon adenocarcinoma had the greater frequency.

Palabras clave : Colon; cancer; risk factor; vegetal fiber; adenocarcinoma; colorectal carcinoma.

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