Revista Cubana de Medicina
On-line version ISSN 1561-302X
LIMONTA VELAZQUEZ, Daniel; BATISTA CUELLAR, Juan F; RIANO ARENCIBIA, Miguel A and ABDO CUZA, Anselmo. Viral myocarditis in the adult. Rev cubana med [online]. 2011, vol.50, n.1, pp. 70-82. ISSN 1561-302X.
Viral myocarditis is the result of a myocardial inflammation provoked by different viruses. This cardiac disease is doubtless a cardiovascular urgency in the adult due to its complications. The clinical picture is characterized by arrhythmias and cardiac failure that may to lead to death. The more frequent long-term myocarditis sequela is the dilated myocardiopathy. In present paper etiology, pathophysiology, symptomatology, diagnosis and treatment of viral myocarditis in the adult are reviewed.
Keywords : Myocarditis; virus; cardiac failure; arrhythmias; cardiogenic shock; endomyocardial biopsy; dilated myocardiopathy.