Revista Cubana de Medicina
On-line version ISSN 1561-302X
CABRERA REGO, Julio Oscar; GANDARILLA SARMIENTOS, Julio César and GONZALEZ DIAZ, Ida. New pathophysiological aspects in the psychosocial intervention of the coronary illness patient. Rev cubana med [online]. 2011, vol.50, n.1, pp. 83-93. ISSN 1561-302X.
Some studies have obtained vast information on psychosocial specific domains including depression, anxiety, character traits, and personality disorders and have demonstrated a clear evidence on the significant contribution of these psychosocial factors to expression and pathogenesis of coronary diseases. The objective of present review was to examine the new epidemiological evidences on the association between these psychosocial risk factors and the coronary arterial disease and to identify the main pathophysiological mechanisms present among these two entities. This approach is from the rise of a emergent field in behavioral cardiology, based on the understanding that these psychosocial and behavioral risk factors in coronary disease not only are closed related, but that also they require a team work among cardiologists, psychiatrists and other specialists of primary care.
Keywords : Depression; anxiety; stress; psychosocial intervention; coronary disease.