Revista Cubana de Medicina
versión ISSN 0034-7523
LLIBRE RODRIGUEZ, Juan; LAUCERIQUE PARDO, Tania; NORIEGA FERNANDEZ, Lisseth y GUERRA HERNANDEZ, Milagros. High blood pressure prevalence, adherence to treatment and its control in elderly patients. Rev cubana med [online]. 2011, vol.50, n.3, pp. 242-251. ISSN 0034-7523.
Introduction: The high blood pressure accounts for the 80% of death from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease in persons aged 65 and over. Objective: To determine the prevalence of the high blood pressure, the adherence to treatment and its control in elderly patients. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive and observational study was conducted in 1 216 elderly in four health areas selected from the Marianao and La Lisa municipalities from September, 2008 to September, 2009. Results: The adjusted high blood pressure prevalence was of 74,3% (95% CI 71,7-76,9) greater in female patients. The early detection of high blood pressure was higher to 70% in all polyclinics selected, but the adherence to treatment fluctuates between 47 and 68% and les than half of hypertensive ones were under control. Conclusions: To strength the primary health care to improve the high blood pressure care and control is the key in reduction of morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular diseases.
Palabras llave : Prevalence; control; adherence; high blood pressure; elderly.