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Revista Cubana de Medicina

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7523

Resumen

MARMOL SONORA, Alexander et al. Clinicoepidemiological behavior of renal transplantation from live donor in the "Dr. Abelardo Buch López" Institute of Nephrology: 1991-2008. Rev cubana med [online]. 2011, vol.50, n.4, pp.390-401. ISSN 0034-7523.

Introduction: The renal transplantation is the therapeutical modality offering the better quality of life and survival for patients presenting with chronic renal disease and the better economic alternative to face this epidemics. Objective: To know the clinical-epidemiological behavior of renal transplantation in the case of live donor. Methods: A retrospective, cohort, descriptive and observational study was conducted in patients underwent transplants from live donors in the Institute of Nephrology from 1991 to 2008. Authors used the variables processed in a automated way with statistical technique of analysis of absolute and relative frequency distribution, as well as techniques of survival analysis by Kaplan-Meier method. For the graft and for the patient survival was estimated. One hundred two patients were studied. Results: The year with more carrying out of transplantation were 2000 and 2004. The predominant causes of chronic renal disease were the glomerulopathies (47.1 %) and the non-descripted ones (29.4 %) mainly between 20 and 49 years old. The early transplantation was performed in the 44.1 % of cases. There was predominance of transplantation between brothers (49 %) and from mothers to sons. The survival of graft and of patient at short- medium- and long-term is showed. Conclusions: The life donor transplantation is carried out mainly in young receptors arriving to renal failure due to glomerulonephritis or by unknown causes. Its survival is appropriate although there is a relatively high incidence of surgical complications and death of patient during the first year, perhaps related to the low number of transplantation by year.

Palabras clave : Life donor transplantation; survivals.

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