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Revista Cubana de Medicina

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7523

Resumen

CASTILLO ALVAREZ, Yanisa de la Caridad et al. Incidence and prevalence of high blood pressure registered at the High Blood Pressure World Day-2011. Rev cubana med [online]. 2012, vol.51, n.1, pp.25-34. ISSN 0034-7523.

Introduction: a cross-sectional study was conducted in two institutions: The National Management of Recreation and Sports National Institute and in the "Dr. Manuel Fajardo" Physical Culture Faculty of La Habana at the High Blood Pressure World Day. Objectives: to determine the frequency of hypertensive patients (known and new) and the pre-hypertensive ones, the percentage of patients treated and controlled as well as the presence of excess weight among those with a normal blood pressure and the hypertensive ones, as well as to demonstrate also the significance that each person knows which is its blood pressure and its risk. Methods: authors studied 730 patients of both sexes with predominance of the young athletes who voluntarily answered the survey, measuring the blood pressure. A form including the select variables was fill out: age, sex, height, weight, if they know on its hypertensive status, if they were receiving drug treatment and the blood pressure figures found. A database was created using the SPSS statistic system of Window 2007. Results were expressed in absolute frequencies and percentages. Results: the 58,5 % corresponded to male sex. Age distribution in the three percentiles used showed an open predominance of young people (50 %). From the 730 polled subjects, 114 (15,6 %) knew its hypertensive status (15,4 % of men and 16,2 % of women), 106 (14,5 %) were classified as pre-hypertensives and 35 (4,8 %) as new hypertensives. From the 114 known hypertensive, 91 (61,7%) were under treatment and 87 were controlled (58,4 % of total and the 95,6 % of those treated) and 62 no-controlled (41,6 % of total and 4,4 % of those treated). From the hypertensive ones, 82 (77 %) were aged 19-49, the 40 % of them had excess weight, whereas 24 (23 %) were aged 50 or more, but with a 70% of excess weight. The excess weight/obese was present in 271 (37,2 %) of polled persons (55,6 % in the hypertensive and 39,4 % in those normotensives) a figure under 42,6 % of the national mean. Conclusions: the celebration of the High Blood Pressure World Day helps to increase the level of perception of risk of this disease, the active screening detects the non-diagnosed cases and allows to increase the knowledge on the control level achieved in hypertensive treated, the excess weight/obesity is more frequent among hypertensive ones.

Palabras clave : high blood pressure; High Blood Pressure World Day.

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