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Revista Cubana de Medicina

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7523

Resumen

CHICO CAPOTE, Araceli et al. Factors influencing in psychological wellbeing of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Rev cubana med [online]. 2012, vol.51, n.1, pp.48-60. ISSN 0034-7523.

Introduction: the patients presenting with rheumatoid arthritis may to be involved its psychological wellbeing. Objectives: to assess the psychological wellbeing of patients presenting with rheumatoid arthritis and to know the variables associated with its deterioration. Methods: a cross-sectional, descriptive and observational study was conducted including 180 patients from the protocol consultation of rheumatoid arthritis seen from June, 2006 to May, 2008. The demographic, clinical and of laboratory data were obtained. The activity, functional ability and psychological wellbeing were assessed determining the associations among them. Results: the psychological wellbeing was more involved in patients aged over 60, the female sex and the primary schooling level, the more involved variables were the sexual satisfaction and the working one. The greatest course time above 10 years showed differences in working satisfaction (p=0,027) and the sexual one (p=0,043). The disease activity degree and the positive rheumatoid factor were not associated with the psychological wellbeing. The functional ability was negatively correlated with almost all variables of psychological wellbeing and was significantly associated in some features, as much as the satisfaction as the emotional component and the general rate of wellbeing. Conclusions: the psychological wellbeing in patients presenting with rheumatoid arthritis is involved and it is significantly associated with the functional inability degree.

Palabras clave : rheumatoid arthritis; psychological wellbeing; functional ability; disease course.

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