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Revista Cubana de Medicina

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7523

Resumen

BORROTO DIAZ, Gerardo et al. Frequency and risk factors of the left ventricular hypertrophy like scoreboard of cardiovascular damage in renal transplant. Rev cubana med [online]. 2012, vol.51, n.2, pp.129-137. ISSN 0034-7523.

Introduction: the cardiovascular complications are frequent and are the leading cause of death in patients underwent renal transplantation and its high incidence is due to multiple risk factors. Objectives: to determine the frequency of the left ventricle hypertrophy as a marker of cardiovascular damage and the risk factors leading to its appearance. Methods: a case-control, cross-sectional and prospective study was conducted in 70 patients with renal transplantations and underwent a conventional echocardiogram to determine the presence or not of left ventricle hypertrophy and it was related to cardiovascular risk factors by means of a univariate and multivariate study (logistic regression) with cardiovascular risk factors. Results: the cardiovascular affections were the second cause of loss of patients in present study (33,1%). The left ventricle hypertrophy was found in the 45 (64 %) of screened patients. The dyslipidemia, the use of A cyclosporine and the graft dysfunction, were the complications in the univariate and the multivariate study (independent factor) , p < 0,05, the conditional favoring the existence of left ventricle hypertrophy, assertions that are the research conclusions.

Palabras clave : renal transplantation; left ventricular hypertrophy; risk factors; cardiovascular complications; graft dysfunction.

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