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Revista Cubana de Medicina

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7523

Resumen

PEREZ YANEZ, Lázara Mirta  y  GARCIA HERNANDEZ, Ricardo Amador. Risk coronary factors in patients with aortic prosthetic during cardiac rehabilitation. Rev cubana med [online]. 2013, vol.52, n.2, pp.99-108. ISSN 0034-7523.

Background: an intervention study was performed in all patients that were submitted to aortic prosthetic valve replacement surgery that began rehabilitation at the Cardiac Rehabilitation Unit Department of "Hermanos Ameijeiras" Hospital during the year 2011. Objective: to characterize the behavior of coronary risk factors. Methods: the sample was comprised of 16 patients. It was observed that the most frequent age rank was 55-64 years and most of the patients were male and white. All patients received mechanical aortic valve replacement. An improvement in the functional capacity in patients after cardiac rehabilitation was observed. Sedentary life, obesity and smoking habit were cut down and there was an increase in the number of controlled diabetic and hypertensive patients. Complications did not occur in the majority of patients during rehabilitation. Conclusions: cardiac rehabilitation diminished FRC associated to a low rate of complications.

Palabras clave : coronary risk factors; cardiovascular rehabilitation; aortic valve replacement; high blood pressure; diabetes mellitus; sedentary life; obesity; smoking habit; functional capacity.

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