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Revista Cubana de Medicina

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7523

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SUAREZ TRUEBA, Bettsy et al. Antimicrobial susceptibility and mechanisms of resistance of escherichia coli isolated from urine cultures in a tertiary level. Rev cubana med [online]. 2014, vol.53, n.1, pp.3-13. ISSN 0034-7523.

Introduction: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an important cause of nosocomial sepsis and the second in the healthcare community consultation. Escherichia coli is the main organism isolated. Methods: a prospective study of all strains of E. coli was performed which were isolated from urine cultures during March 2012, at Hermanos Ameijeiras Clinical and Surgical Hospital. All these starins were identified by conventional methods and subsequently underwent Kirby Bauer susceptibility testing with interpretation, according to the table resistance phenotypes of the Spanish Society for Microbiology. Results: the highest percentage of samples came from the community (84.7 %). The best sensitivity results for this group were represented by nitrofurantoin (98.2 %), chloramphenicol (80.2 %), and ceftriaxone (83.8 %). The group of quinolones move between 65 % and 77 % while nosocomial responded better in vitro to amikacin and piperacillin/tazobactam (90 %). Against beta-lactams, the most common mechanism in the community were OXA while in hospital, OXA and extended spectrum beta-lactamases were the most frequent. ANT enzyme (2¨) was the most common in both the community and in hospital (18.9 % and 25 % respectively), compared to aminoglycosides. Conclusions: in vitro nitrofurantoin has proved to be a potent antibiotic against E. coli community urinary infections. OXA beta-lactamases and extended spectrum enzymes are the most frequent against beta-lactams.

Palabras clave : bacterial resistance; Escherichia coli; urine.

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