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Revista Cubana de Medicina

Print version ISSN 0034-7523


CASAS FIGUEREDO, Nelsa et al. Functional capacity and associated factors in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Rev cubana med [online]. 2014, vol.53, n.1, pp.50-60. ISSN 0034-7523.

Introducción: the functional limitation and the inability are the mayor consequences for patients presenting Ankylosing Spondylitis, Different factors have been related to inability and its repercussion in the quality of life of these patients. Objective: to assess the functional ability and to determine associated factors. Method: a cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted including 80 patients from the Protocol Consultation of Spondylo-artropathies seen from June, 2007 to July, 2009. Demographic, clinical, radiological, and laboratory data were obtained. The functional ability was assessed applying BASFI rate (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index) and the existing associations were determined. Results: there was male sex predominance, (63.3 %). The mean age was 40,1 years. The disease onset period - older than 20 years old (73.8 %), had great BASFI (p=0 0.01); the occupation showed significant difference (56.14 %, p=0.04). The delay time from diagnosis, longer than 10 years, was significant (p=0.03). The cervical segment, sacroiliitis and BASDAI (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Activyt) showed a statistically significant BASFI increase (p=0.01), except the acute phase reactants and HLA-B27. Conclusions: the functional ability is significantly associated with the disease onset age, diagnosis delay time, involvement of cervical segment, occupation, sacroiliitis, and the disease activity.

Keywords : ankylosing spondylitis; functional limitation; Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index.

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