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Revista Cubana de Medicina

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7523

Resumen

LOMBILLO LAFERTE, Luz Marina; MARTINEZ SEGON, Susana; SERRA VALDES, Yusimí  y  RODRIGUEZ MUTUBERRIA, Liván. Complications in hemiplegic stroke patients. Rev cubana med [online]. 2014, vol.53, n.2, pp.134-143. ISSN 0034-7523.

Introduction: stroke is the third leading cause of death and the first cause of disability in developed world. The motor sequelae are the leading cause of disability and hemiplegia is its most common form. Complications may exacerbate motor sequelae. Objective: to identifie complications in hemiplegic stroke patients and their behavior in relation to the associated clinical factors. Methods: 110 patients with a diagnosis of stroke and hemiplegia as main sequel were studied. Independent variables were considered (demographics, states associated comorbidity, type of stroke, duration, severity of neurological damage and disability) as well as dependent variables (presence and types of complications). The information was processed by the mean for quantitative variables and percentages for qualitative variables. 95 % Ic was worked and the chi-square method was used for the analysis of statistical significance. Results: 73.63 % of the patients suffered some kind of complications. The most frequent were depression, shoulder pain, epilepsy, and musculoskeletal contractures. The main factors associated with the presence of complications were stroke type and degree of disability. Conclusions: complications in hemiplegic patient due to stroke are frequent and invalidating. It is important to prevent possible complications and to recognize other less preventable, so as to implement the appropriate therapeutic measures. They stand as associated clinical factors, stroke type and degree of disability.

Palabras clave : stroke; hemiplegic; complications; disability.

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