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Revista Cubana de Medicina

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7523

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LEON ALVAREZ, Jorge Luis et al. Endothelial Dysfunction in Newly Diagnosed Hypertensive Patients. Rev cubana med [online]. 2014, vol.53, n.4, pp.417-429. ISSN 0034-7523.

Introduction: atherosclerosis, endothelial dysfunction and hypertension are closely related. Endothelium-dependent vasoreactivity is an equivalent of endothelial dysfunction. Objective: To evaluate the usefulness of baseline diameter of the brachial artery measured by ultrasonographic techniques in the diagnosis of endothelial dysfunction and subclinical vascular lesion, its association with cardiovascular risk factors, and overall cardiovascular risk. Methods: Across-sectional analytical research was conducted in 60 newly diagnosed hypertensive patients without target organ damage. They were compared with 60 non-hypertensive subjects. Cardiovascular risk factors were screened; these patients underwent several tests such as microalbuminuria, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, non-HDL cholesterol, ultrasound measurement of carotid intima-media thickness and basal diameter of the brachial artery. The global cardiovascular risk was calculated. Results: In the hypertensive group, males constituted 55 % of the total and in the non-hypertensive group, females accounted for 78.3 %. Microalbuminuria was present in 25 % of hypertensive subejcts by 13.3 % of patients without the disease. Higher mean values of total cholesterol and non-HDL in hypertensive subjects (4.6 mmol / L and 3.6 mmol / L, respectively) were found. The mean intima-media thickness was 0.6 mm in hypertensive patients and 0.4 mm in non hypertensive subjects. In hypertensive patients, the mean baseline brachial artery diameter was 3.8 mm versus 3.5 mm in non-hypertensive subjects. In both study groups, higher mean levels of baseline diameter of the brachial artery when there were higher mean values of HDL-cholesterol. Conclusions: There is a positive association for total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, the carotid intima media thickness, microalbuminuria and global cardiovascular risk in basal diameter of the brachial artery. The determination of basal diameter of the brachial artery is concluded to show promising results as a marker of endothelial dysfunction in hypertension.

Palabras clave : hypertension; endothelial dysfunction; vascular reactivity.

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