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Revista Cubana de Medicina

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7523versão On-line ISSN 1561-302X


CHAO PAREDES, José Miguel et al. Lower limb arterial disease detected by Echo-doppler in asymptomatic patients. Rev cubana med [online]. 2020, vol.59, n.4, e1366.  Epub 15-Nov-2020. ISSN 0034-7523.


Arterial disease of the lower limbs is a marker of coronary risk, causing disability and death in those who suffer from it. Early detection can mitigate these effects.


To identify undiagnosed lower limb arterial disease through Echo-Doppler in patients with atherogenic risk factors.


A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in 100 patients aged 40 years or older, smoking habits history, and diabetic and / or hypertensive patients, with no diagnosis of arterial disease in the lower limbs, who underwent Eco-Doppler of the lower limb.


EAMI compatible lesions were identified in 69% of those studied, whose mean age was 64.81 ± 10.12 years, and a discrete male predominance. The most affected arteries were the posterior tibial and pediatric arteries in 43% and 39% respectively, the association measures showed OR (95% CI) of 4.15 for diabetes mellitus, 1.63 for smoking followed by arterial hypertension with 0.27.


Six out of ten patients showed atherosclerotic lesions identifiable by Echo-Doppler, those of the posterior tibial sector and pedium predominated in smokers and diabetics, the latter had four times the risk of suffering from the disease.

Palavras-chave : lower limb arterial disease; Eco-Doppler; atherogenic risk.

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