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Revista Cubana de Medicina

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7523versión On-line ISSN 1561-302X

Resumen

MARIN PRADA, María del Carmen et al. Mortality of chronic kidney patients of working ages in Cuba. Rev cubana med [online]. 2021, vol.60, n.2, e1530.  Epub 01-Jun-2021. ISSN 0034-7523.

Introduction:

Chronic kidney disease constitutes a major health problem in Cuba and worldwide. By 2040 it may become the fifth most common cause of years of life potentially lost, worldwide, and a major cause of health expenses, economy and social security.

Objective:

To describe mortality in chronic kidney patients of working ages in Cuba, from 2011to 2017, according to selected sociodemographic variables.

Methods:

This is descriptive cross-sectional research. The universe consisted of 5,716 deceased subjects with chronic kidney disease. The information was taken from the mortality databases of the National Directorate of Statistics, from the Ministry of Public Health. The variables were studied age, sex, occupation and main causes of death. Gross and specific mortality rates were calculated.

Results:

In working age, mortality from chronic kidney disease fluctuated from 2011 to 2017. The mean age at death was 53.7 years, those over 61 years of age, men, had the highest risk (16 per 10,000 inhabitants). The rate in the economically active unemployed population was 33 per 10,000 inhabitants. The risk was higher in basic occupations (9 per 10,000 inhabitants). Hypertensive kidney disease was the leading cause of death (17 per 100,000 population).

Conclusions:

There is a slight increase in mortality, the risk is higher in men, the highest rate is in the economically active unemployed population and in basic occupations. The leading cause of death is hypertensive kidney disease.

Palabras clave : mortality; working age; occupation; arterial hypertension; diabetes mellitus.

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