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Revista Cubana de Pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7531versión On-line ISSN 1561-3119

Resumen

VELAZQUEZ ARGOTA, Juana  y  LOZANO PEREZ, Teresa. El diagnóstico positivo de autismo infantil. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 1996, vol.68, n.2, pp.105-112. ISSN 0034-7531.

The limits of the austistic syndrome as well as the evolution of the infantile autism concept since Kanner to the latest psychiatric classifications are reviewed. The results of our research on the positive diagnosis of infantile autism are reported. The patient's medical examination and the autism quantification scales (useful for the diferential diagnosis between the Kanner type autistic disorder and the atypical autistic disorders) are more important for the diagnosis than the remote anamnesis, which is of little value. The standard intelligence test should be applied according to the patients functioning level and if he would not classify it would be because of his low intelligence quotient and not because of his autistic behaviour. The clinician should take into account the possibility of diagnosing autism when examining little children with developmental problems and of using adequate autistic symptoms scales for the first years of life. It is recommended the use of Bo Olsson's test in the diferential diagnosis of Kanner's autism, Rett's syndrome and early brain damage during the preschool stage.

Palabras clave : AUTISM, INFANTILE [diagnosis].

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