Revista Cubana de Pediatría
versión On-line ISSN 1561-3119
TRUJILLO MATIENZO, Clemente et al. Epilepsia en el niño: Edad de inicio, tiempo de evolución y situación escolar. Su relación con el rendimiento intelectual. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 1997, vol.69, n.1, pp. 18-24. ISSN 1561-3119.
310 epileptic school children between 5 and 14 years old who were attended at the Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery entered this study. Their academic results were studied (Terman and Merrill's intelligence test) and classified according to the scale and they were related to the age of onset of the disease, the time of evolution, and the academic situation of each child by using the test of differences of averages. It was found that the group with school retardation differs from the other one in the following aspects: high average (p < 0,01), low average, mild and moderate deficient (p < 0,0001), and severe deficient (p < 0,001). It is concluded that among epileptic school children there are differences as regards the academic performance between those who do not have school retardation and those who have it, and between those with 5 or less years of evolution of the disease and those ones with more.
Palabras llave : EPILEPSY [psychology]; ACHIEVEMENT; INTELLIGENCE TEST; AGE OF ONSET.