Revista Cubana de Pediatría
versión On-line ISSN 1561-3119
MENA MIRANDA, Vivian R.; RIVERON CORTEGUERA, Raúl L.; PEREZ CRUZ, José A. y DE LA PAZ FERNANDEZ, Bárbara. Factores de riesgo asociados a la mortalidad por enterocolitis necrotizante. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 1998, vol.70, n.4, pp. 165-169. ISSN 1561-3119.
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a multifactorial caused gastrointestinal urgency closely related to the preterm newborn. Its high mortality has roots in the lack of prevention by the physician at any level of care, and due to a late diagnosis in risk groups. A retrospective study was carried out about 63 deceased patients as a result of NEC, along a 25 years period at the Centro Habana Teaching Pediatric Hospital, and it was found that 71,4 % of the affected infants were white, and that 68,2 % were masculin. The most frequent age was found in infants less than 3 months old (36,5 %), and 46 % of the total sample investigated had a birth weight lower than 1 500 g. Prematurity appeared associated in 55,5 % of the deceased, and 65 % had mixed lactation from the birth on.
Palabras llave : ENTEROCOLITIS, PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS [mortality]; RISK FACTORS; ENTEROCOLITIS, PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS [etiology].