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Revista Cubana de Pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7531versión On-line ISSN 1561-3119

Resumen

GONZALEZ HERNANDEZ, Alina; ALONSO URIA, Rosa María; GUTIERREZ ROJAS, Angela Rosa  y  CAMPO GONZALEZ, Ana. Estudio de gestantes adolescentes y su repercusión en el recién nacido en un área de salud. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2000, vol.72, n.1, pp.54-59. ISSN 0034-7531.

A comparative and descriptive study was carried out in all adolescent mothers and their childs born in Gynecologic-Obstetric Hospital in Guanabacoa Municipality,from 1995 to 1997 coming from the health area of regla Municipality, selected as a risk group (78 cases. Comparative group had similar features, with the exception of mother´s age, varying between 20 and 34 years (108 women). We found significant differences in both groups, such as association of adolescent mothers with a low schooling level (10.3 %), a high level unmarried women (20.5 %), and a prevalence of housewives (82.1 %). Also, we found in this group a 38.2 % of instrumental birth, a 15.4 % of immediate complications of newborn, as well as an incidence of 10.3 % of low birth weight. Authors suggested significance of sexual education and reproductive health and prophylaxis of early pregnanty.

Palabras clave : MOTHER-CHILD RELATIONSHIP; MOTHER AGE; SEXUAL EDUCATION; PREGNANCY DURING ADOLESCENCE.

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