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Revista Cubana de Pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0034-7531versión On-line ISSN 1561-3119

Resumen

RIVERON CORTEGUERA, Raúl L  y  MENA MIRANDA, Vivian R.. Desequilibrio hidroelectrolítico y ácido-base en la diarrea. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2000, vol.72, n.3, pp.170-182. ISSN 0034-7531.

A review of the basic principles of water-mineral and acid-base balance was made aand the most frequent homeostatic mechanisms in pediatric ages, which are related to acute diarrheal diseases were studied in depth. The classification and management of dehydration using oral rehydration salts (ORS) (plans A and B) and intravenous solutions (plan C) as well as physiology and treatment of metabolic acidosis with sodium bicarbonate were described. The elements related to sodium and potassium control and acidd-base balance were set forth. Reference is mae to predisposition to bacterial translocation found in sustained hypovolemia for more than 8 hours.

Palabras clave : ACID-BASE IMBALANCE; WATER-ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE; DIARRHEA, INFANTILE [drug therapy]; DIARRHEA, INFANTILE [mortality]; DEHYDRATION [classification]; DEHYDRATION [drug therapy]; SODIUM BICARBONATE; FLUID THERAPY; BODY WATER; CHILD.

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