Revista Cubana de Pediatría
versión On-line ISSN 1561-3119
SILVERIO GARCIA, César E.; GARCIA PEREZ, Wladimiro y ANDRADE RUISECO, Mabel L.. Diagnósticos colonoscópicos más frecuentes en pediatría. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2001, vol.73, n.1, pp. 28-33. ISSN 1561-3119.
Colonoscopy is a useful method to study colon diseases, therefore, a descriptive and retrospective study was conducted so as to define the most frequent colonoscopic diagnoses in 267 patients under 16, 142 males and 125 females, who underwent colonoscopy at "William Soler" Pediatric Teaching Hospital between January, 1987, and December, 1996, due mainly to hematochezia (80.9 %). Colonoscopy proved to be normal in 86 children and the colonic diseases most commonly found were polyps (27.6 %), unspecific colitis (21.8 %) and benign lymphoid hyperplasia (15.7 %), which was observed in a higher number of children under 6. The polyps and the unspecific colitis appeared in a similar way in both sexes. Men were more affected by lymphoid hyperplasia than women. A sample was taken from 11 children with ulcerative idiopathic colitis and from 47 with unspecific colitis for histological examination. It was reported a high colonoscopy-histology diagnostic concordance, 72.2 and 83.0, respectively (p<0.001).
Palabras llave : COLONOSCOPY [methods]; COLON DISEASES [diagnosis]; CHILD.