Revista Cubana de Pediatría
On-line version ISSN 1561-3119
LLANES CESPEDES, Ruperto; GRAVERAN SANCHEZ, Luis Alexis; RODRIGUEZ FERNANDEZ, Ana Luisa and LOPEZ DELGADO, Felipe Rolando. Evolución a largo plazo de 55 pacientes operados de atresia esofágica. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2003, vol.75, n.2, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1561-3119.
The patients operated for esophageal atresia become a challenge for physicians involved in their follow-up. A retrospective study of the medical histories of 55 live patients after they had been operated for esophageal atresia in a period of 15 years was undertaken where long-term complications were evaluated to identify them and find out their treatment. Gastroesophageal reflux in 30 children (54,54 %), esophageal dismotility in 28 children (50,90 %) and recurrent respiratory manifestations in 26 patients (47,27 %) were the most frequent complications followed by suture stenosis in 11 (20 %), retarded growth and development in 10 (18,18 %) and recurrent tracheoesophageal fistula in 2 children. It is concluded that early diagnosis and treatment of multiple complications, which define the quality of life of patients, should be made in the long-term follow-up of patients operated for esophageal atresia.
Keywords : FOLLOW-UP STUDIES; CLINICAL EVOLUTION; ESOPHAGEAL ATRESIA [surgery]; ESOPHAGEAL ATRESIA [therapy]; ESOPHAGEAL ATRESIA [complications]; POSOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS; TRACHEOESOPHAGEAL FISTULA; ABNORMALITIES; CHILD.